Thursday, April 30, 2009

Music Video: Matt and Kim's Lessons Learned

Day 4 of Swine Flu house arrest and I have nothing better to do but check out websites like Pitchfork, read, watch Lost and not do school work. The highlight of today has no doubt been stumbling on one of the best music videos I've seen in forever. Matt and Kim's video for their track Lessons Learned is pretty damn great. Shot during winter and showcasing a strip down of both artists in the middle of Times Square, I would say the duo well achieved their goal of making a video that showcases Matt's new found maxim to "not give a fuck anymore." The song is pretty money as well.

Make some comments below.

Wednesday, April 29, 2009

Certified Banger - French Navy by Camera Obscura

It's been a while since I've posted a banger and even though I am yet to hear My Maudlin Career in its entirety, I am really diggin' this one tune I was able to grab of EMusic before my downloads for the month ran out. The tune in question is Camera Obscura's French Navy, which can be found on their latest album, My Maudlin Career. I fell for this song immediately. Tracyanne Campbell's voice flies gracefully and with ease over the entire track and everything about it is inviting. Some might say this is a summer tune, some might say it is a little downbeat, I just say it's great. Check out the video below and the track on the sidebar.

Fuck the Swine Flu and show me summer already.

Camera Obscura - French Navy

Sunday, April 26, 2009

REVIEW: K-Os, Asher Roth and Chester French

I've been bumping a few new albums lately and I thought I'd share my opinion and invite everyone to share theirs.

K-Os - Yes! 2009 Nettwerk/Universal

The 4th full length album from K-Os entitled Yes! gets back to his hip-hop roots. As we have seen K-Os progress musically. He is a type of artist that habitually blurs genre lines, as many hipsters do. Yes! is definitely an album that returns to the b-boy style that made K-Os popular in the first place. Although K-Os has always had an ability to craft unique songs. Yes! shows that K-Os has matured as a song writer. This is a quality album with some great concepts and well designed songs.

Although the entire album is worth popping in the ride and banging for the Summer. My absolute favorite tracks from the album are, I Wish I Knew Natalie Portman, 4,3,2,1 and Fun!. I Wish I Knew Natalie Portman samples Phantom Planet's California and according to K-Os the song has nothing to do with Portman but it is more a story about his overcoming his fear of the U.S. and willingness to embrace new audiences. K-Os believes that Natalie Portman represents the best of what America has to offer. And if she is inspiring him to make songs like he is, who is to disagree. 4,3,2,1 is a take on the Feist track with the reciprocal title. Break beats and slick rhymes fill this single, watch the video below for the full appreciation.

K-Os 1st Single from Yes! 4,3,2,1

Asher Roth - Asleep in the Bread Aisle 2009 Universal Motown

Middle-class minutiae with hot production makes Asher Roth's major label debut an interesting one to say the least. Songs about weed, girls and blah are exactly what the labels are looking for an Roth delivers. While his content may lack a little depth and his lyricism lazy at times, Asher brings the fire on the majority of his album. While he does hear the comparisons to Eminem and addresses them through a track called As I Em the Roth album is not disappointing. In my opinion Roth sounds A LOT like old school Eminem which I think is a good thing. We have been craving that sort of sound for a long time and Asher Roth delivers. Roth has been receiving a lot of fan fare and has already released two singles, I Love College and Lark on my Go-Kart. Lark on My Go-Kart is a throw back to classic Eminem over a really rugged beat and I love it. The album is a good listen and I will definitely recommend popping it in the whip this Summer.

Asher Roth's 2nd Single Lark on My Go-Kart

Chester French - Love the Future 2009 Star Trak

The signing war is over for Harvard Grad Hipster Pop Rockers Chester French. With the likes of Jimmy Iovine, Pharrel Williams and Kanye West trying to get a piece of these guys, the hype for their debut album Love the Future debuting on Pharrel's Star Trak Records is large. The Myspace superstars have a strong presences in the U.S. but Chester French doesn't seem to have the same presence in Canada. They are likely to be most popular in hipster circles with an eye for bizarre trendyness. Chester French's sound has been co-signed but virtually everyone in the hip hop scene. Weird. They are featured on Asher Roth's album,they have a song with Kardinal Offishal and are receiving major props and co-signage from Clinton Sparks. Talk about a diverse resume, they've got it. These guys have a melancholy pop sound combined with Beatles influenced vocals and typical hipster attire. I don't know if I'm completely sold of Chester French yet. Don't get me wrong these guys are talented, their early Beatles sounding track Out At the Compound is probably my fav, followed by their first single She Loves Everybody and the track People. There are a lot of fun sounding tracks they you will eventually hear at Absinthe on a Wednesday and Saturday. I wouldn't be deliberately banging this album all Summer ... maybe for a bit though.

Chester French - She Loves Everybody

All in all these are three really well put together albums that have something for everyone in each. K-Os is really blooming into magnificent artist and is another example of CanCon that has more talent then half the U.S. scene. Asher Roth puts for a strong effort in his debut, I don't know how long he will be able to stick around for but we can always hope for the best. Chester French are a talented hipsters team that have been signed by a talented hipster in Pharrel Williams so expect them to receive the most fanfare from the three albums. K-Os Yes! is my pick.

What's yours?

Twitter Track

Mistah F.A.B. the bay area big shot who is known for going dumb diddy dumb on the yellow bus, ghost riding his whip at the side show and thizzing ridiculously has just released a track dedicated to the popular microblogging platform Twitter.

If you are still one of those people that are still asking, "What is Twitter?" or "I don't get Twitter." You are probably a Twater (Twitter Hater) or you are genuinely disconnected from life because Twitter has received more press than the Iraq War, Watergate and Hiroshima combined in the past 3 months. Get with the bloody times and Google something for Bob's sake. Twitter may not be for everyone but it is for at least 10 million people around the world and growing by absurd amounts daily... sorta like ahhhfuckit ahah I kid.

It was only a matter of time before someone did it, look out for the Twaters.

What do you think about Twitter? Are you on Twitter?

I am ... emjaydoesPR

Saturday, April 25, 2009

What are you saying? Lyle Lovett

Dear Lyle,

To be honest, I have no idea why I want to know what you are saying, but forget that for a second, and answer me this, WHAT ARE YOU SAYING? Remember when you shocked the world and snagged Julia Roberts? I have to ask you though, is she as annoying in real life as she is in most of her movies? What was the line you spit to snag her? Was it "Hey, my name is Lyle LOVEtt, what are you saying Julia?" Probably not eh. Or did you just sing If I Had a Boat and watch her melt? A lot of people say they prefer Dave Matthew's cover version of that song, but you know what Lyle, I think yours is better, so I mean if you are standing on the edge of a cliff two steps away from jumping take comfort in knowing that Mike Black thinks your one tune is pretty rad. But, I have to ask Lyle, how the hell do you expect to ride a pony on a boat? Is T-Pain on this boat? How much room to you have? Oh, Lyle, I bet you're a crazy bastard, riding ponies around boats all day, spitting game at girls way out of your league. Sounds pretty money to me. Keep on living the dream, L-I-V-I-N.

Take care Lyle,

Mike Black

P.S. Are you secretly Lance Armstrong's father? You can tell me, I can keep a secret.

Lyle Lovett

Tuesday, April 21, 2009

Lollapalooza Lineup Announced.

Well folks, the last of the big name North American summer festivals has been announced. Lollapalooza 2009 will once again take place at Grant Park in Chicago over August 7-9. The lineup isn't exactly shitty, but it does seem a little stale. It might be that Tool really isn't doing it for me these days or maybe that most of these bands have already been billed on the other festivals. Take a look for yourself and make some comments below. I will say that considering I was unable to attend Coachella and Bonnaroo this year, I would absolutely still consider this festival a viable option.

You can find the whole lineup here, but here are the highlights:

Depeche Mode
The Killers
Jane's Addiction
Beastie Boys
Kings of Leon
Lou Reed
Ben Harper and Relentless7
Snoop Dogg
Animal Collective
TV on the Radio
Of Montreal
Bon Iver
Fleet Foxes

What do you think about this lineup? Leave a post below.

Sunday, April 19, 2009

The Xylopholks

What's better than Cookie Monster and a pink gorilla performing 1920's ragtime music in a New York subway?

I know! I couldn't think of anything either.

The band known only as The Xylopholks have been lighting up YouTube lately performing on a busy NYC subway platform. Hailing from the most diverse musical borough on the planet (Brooklyn), The Xylopholks definitely fit the eclectic musical persona of Bucktown musicians.

Check this out ... crazy

Lazy Sunday: Acoustic Foo

Spend a part of your lazy Sunday with us and the Foo Fighters.

After a weekend of listening to blazing beats and doing damage to your ear drums, do something nice for your lobes and treat them to a little acoustic Foo, they will thank you.

Monkey Wrench

My Hero

Everlong (my favorite)

Thursday, April 16, 2009

Travel Log: Kings of Leon - Use Somebody

What is your O-Rank? Right now, Kings of Leon's Use Somebody current O-Rank is 36. Now that O-rank is sure to fall, but right now it is WHITE HOT. San Francisco is also WHITE HOT right now and in between a bunch of booze, near Wakefield no-hitters and Franz shows this song is getting a lot of play.

Kings of Leon: Use Somebody

Jugsy, "Noooooooooooooooooooo."

"If I was him, I'd hate me."

Wednesday, April 15, 2009

Franz Ferdinand : Live in Oakland Preview

Tonight, Jugsy, Goose and I will be checking out Franz Ferdinand live at the Fox Theater in Oakland, California, so I thought I would throw up their mega hit to spark some interest. I plan to sneak in my camera to capture a little footage, so wish me luck and enjoy the track.

Monday, April 13, 2009

Nano Tech: The Future of Life

If we thought the Digital Revolution changed our world wait until the Nano Revolution hits full stride. Nanotechnology is still in its infancy but its applications and implications can already be seen by some revolutionary companies and labs.

Could you imagine tiny machines designed to destroy viruses and bacteria at a molecular level? What about nanobots that live inside your brain that repair and create new pathways for information to travel on? This type of technology is being funded and developed in labs around the world. Canada's National Institute for Nanotechnology is housed at the University of Alberta in Edmonton and at 20,000 square feet it is one of the largest nanotech labs in the world.

Still having trouble visualizing how nanotechnology will change your life?

Imagine a telephone that can change its shape to fit around your wrist and match your outfit, a phone charge its battery using solar cells or a phone that can observe our environment and even identify SMELLS. These are some of the possibilities Nokia is looking at in the future of their mobile devices.

The Nokia Morph is a revolutionary piece of machinery that will make a difference in people's daily lives. This type of innovation and technology is going to change life on this planet as we know it.

Don't believe me?? Check this video from Nokia introducing the Nokia Morph. I'm interested in what everyone has to think about this technology. Are you for or against nanotech?

For more on nanotech check out

Or National Institute of Nanotechnology (Canada)

Blast from the Past: Cannonball - The Breeders

A classic bargain bin find. And, fuck, what a bassline.

Sunday, April 12, 2009

Wrestlemania 25 and Stone Cold

Wrestlemania XXV in Houston, Texas housed over 70,000 fans last Sunday and it was full of great matches (Undertaker v. Shawn Michaels and special moments (Hall of Fame). This years inductees to the WWE Hall of Fame included the likes of "Cowboy" Bill Watts, Ricky "The Dragon" Steamboat and Koko B. Ware. The keynote inductee however was as Vince McMahon put it, "the greatest superstar in the history of the WWE," Stone Cold Steve Austin.

We are huge fans of Stone Cold Steve Austin here at Ahhhfuckit and would like to take this opportunity to show you his celebration of his induction to the Hall of Fame as well as relive some great memories of the toughest S.O.B. in the WWE.

If I ever get inducted to any Hall of Fame, this is how I'm going out.

Stone Cold Celebrates with 70,000

Vintage Stone Cold

11 or So Stone Cold Stunners

A & W: Teenburgers and Root Beer, what else do you need?

After a tie last week between Bob Marley and Ellen for your most desired dinner guest, A&W's 'Teenburger' has jumped out to an early lead as your favourite fast food burger. We've been loving the increase in poll votes and we are really crossing our fingers and toes to see over 30 votes this week. Time will tell, time will tell. I figured I would throw down a commercial from the A&W food chain from a few years ago. Now maybe I don't watch as much t.v. as I use to, but I can't remember the last time I saw a commercial as money as this one. Make some comments below.

A&W Commercial:

Saturday, April 11, 2009

Certified Bangers: Stealth Elementz - From The 905

It's been a while since we've hit you with a Certified Banger and this banger comes right out of our home town of Hamilton.

Stealth Elementz has been making music out of Hamilton on his own and with Premium Plus for nearly ten years. I have had the extreme pleasure of making music with Stealth for the majority of those years and he continues to improve with every track he releases. Stealth has been working behind the scenes pounding out new tracks for an eventual solo project or a new Premium Plus album. Stealth and Premium Plus have shared the stage with Canadian hip hop icons Choclair and Classified. Premium Plus were also nominated for Best Rap Album for the 2008 Hamilton Music Awards.

You can catch Stealth Elementz performing LIVE with Tivz (Premium Plus) at the Casbah May 21st opening up for Classified.

This Certified Banger is called "From The 905"

Check it out on the CB Playlist, down the side --------->

Let Us Know What You Think About This BANGER!

Weirdo Interview: Billy Bob Thornton

Celebrity interviews aren't really news until the celebrity goes completely off the handle or becomes just plain ol' weird. There is something about celebrity insanity that grips us as a people and by people I mean humanity. In retrospect we will deny our celeb obsession like Judas did Christ (Happy Easter/Passover) but we all know humans have an ear for gossip and we love it.

For the most part, celebrity interviews are based on publicity or promotion. It is truly rare to get a good news quality interview out of celebrities. That's why when interviews get a little creepy and weird they in fact become news (no matter how non-essential it seems.)

Tom Cruise made headlines for his bizarre appearance on Oprah. This sparked speculation into the Church of Scientology and Tom Cruise's affiliation to the organization.

Joaquin Phoenix recently made headlines for being a weirdo on Letterman. His mental state is now being called into question.

The latest weirdo interview to make news is from CBC radio and Billy Bob Thornton. Billy Bob was with his band the Boxmasters on QTV with Jian Ghomeshi promoting their music. The Boxmasters are currently touring Canada with Willie Nelson. Billy Bob had asked the producers of the show to not mention his film career at all during the interview. I guess Ghomeshi crossed the line by trying to give context to a relatively unknown band. Billy Bob took exception to this and stonewalled Ghomeshi for the rest of the interview. He also called Canadian audiences reserved, describing them as 'mashed potatoes without the gravy."

On the CBC blog you can find 100's of comments from people upset at Billy Bob's comments but I would say some Canadians are being a little over sensitive. Take some criticism for once without getting so uptight, jeez. Billy Bob was being a jerk, plain and simple. I don't consider this news... but it is WEIRD and there is video of it, so we eat it up.

Here is what you can expect from the Boxmasters

What do y'all think about Billy Bob and the Boxmasters??

Friday, April 10, 2009

Kanye West on South Park: He's a Gay Fish

Kanye West got MURDERED last night on South Park, his words, not mine. I've thrown down the clip below, I am sure it is only a matter of time before it gets taken down, so I hope you catch it before it does because it's pretty funny. Now as we should expect, Kanye has already made his rebuttal. You can find his whole response at his blog here. In what reads like an confessional story, Kanye actually types, "I JUST WANNA BE A DOPER PERSON WHICH STARTS WITH ME NOT ALWAYS TELLING PEOPLE HOW DOPE I THINK I AM." Please excuse the capitals, but they are crucial when trying to convey Kanye speak.

We here at ahhhfuckit would like to wish Kanye all the best in becoming a DOPER person, as well as thank South Park for a great episode.

Thanks to Pitchfork for the story.

Kanye West on South Park:

Thursday, April 9, 2009

Tracy Morgan: Rocks off.

Well, there is not much time left to vote on our poll this week, but we've decided to feature another comedian today to help you with your vote if you have not already made up your mind. Tracy Morgan, continues to burn shit up on 30 Rock and would no doubt be a great addition to any dinner party. If you don't believe me then I urge you to check out the clip of a Morgan interview down below and honestly tell me that you wouldn't want him over at your house doing his pregnant woman impression on your dinner table. Enjoy the clip, now in preparation for our next poll, we plan to ask you to vote on your favourite fast food burger, so please throw down some comments as to what you would like to see in the running.

Tracy Morgan Interview:

Worth Checking Out

Kinda funny. Kinda sad.

Tegan is a cunt

"I'm having trouble dealing with the fact I'm not relevant anymore so I make unsubstantiated criticisms on Twitter"

The Tegan I refer to is the Tegan from the boring 'indie' band Tegan and Sara. The reason I refer to her as a cunt is because of her recent twitter post, that went something like this:

"saw adventureland last night. if i have to c 1 more movie about indie rock nerd who sleeps with a hot girl to my fave music..ugh."

I have a number of problems with this comment. First, to complain that films are featuring 'indie rock nerds' sleeping with a hot girl is absolutely ridiculous.  Does Tegan not understand that movie characters like this are challenging movie archetypes? Would she rather movies return to featuring 'popular jock types' as the main characters like so many 21st century films? I mean if she were complaining about seeing another movie featuring a white indie rock nerd or straight indie rock nerd I could understand her complaints. Today's media does not do a good job representing racial diversity or sexual diversity. But, alas, she's not, she's just complaining for the sake of complaining, or for the sake of having an 'alternative' view.

Second, to refer to the music in Adventureland as her fave music is hilarious. The entire soundtrack is based on music from the 80s, featuring bands like Velvet Underground, Husker Du and Lou Reed. Is Tegan even old enough to remember the 80s? Does Tegan think she is the only person in the world who has listened to Lou Reed? I mean, obviously Tegan isn't the greatest at picking up on subtle jokes and cultural criticisms in film. The movie was obviously making a biting observation about people's obsession with Lou Reed in the late 80s. Not only that, but would Tegan rather movies be soundtracked by shitty bands? Would she rather have watched another tween romance soundtracked by Rise Against or some other bad band? Or is Tegan one of those lame people who only likes music until it gets popular?

Third, this criticism would have been much more accurate if it was written about Nick and Norah's Infinite Playlist. Now that was a movie that was clearly looking to benefit from its connection to indie rock, and it also featured indie rock nerd pinup Michael Cera. But again, I think it comes down to the fact that Tegan probably doesn't have any real taste in film and was just trying to sound cool hating on a fairly good film.

I could go on, but than I think I might be treading the fine line of splitting hairs. Come to think of it, Tegan and Sara haven't had problems getting into bed with corporate interests before, think Roger's Picnic or numerous licensing of their songs, maybe she's pissed that her band hasn't been asked to contribute a song to any of these 'indie rock nerd sleeps with a hot girl' films in a minute now. I guess coming to the realization that you aren't as relevant as you once were is tough to come to grips with, so lashing out at a decent film is a way to deal with those feelings.

Wednesday, April 8, 2009


I know, a day late on the internet is like being a year late, but I thought I would still post about it anyways.

Remember way back in 2008 when I posted about the imminent release of Eminem's Relapse? Well, 6 months later and finally we have a firm release date for the new LP. The album will come out on Aftermath/Shady on 19 May 2009, and apparently this album will be followed up by the Relapse 2 sometime by the end of 2009. Call me cynical, but I wont hold my breath on that one coming out anytime soon. Anyways, moving along, yesterday saw the release of the Relapse's first official video single, "We Made You". As with so many other official videos, the record label has asked to have youtube embedding disabled, so if you want to check it out you will have to go here.

Also, remember how I said that the new Eminem sounded really juvenile and that I wasn't sure how his antics would fit in today's social and political climate? Well, looks like I was right. This song (and video) seems like it was made specifically for 'angry' 14 year olds, and it seems as though Eminem has regressed rather than matured in his time away from the spotlight. I was hoping for some retrospection from Em's new material, yet it seems that all we are going to get is some stupid celebrity references and a dress up party. This sucks.

Tuesday, April 7, 2009

What Are They Doing These Days?

This is the official Ahhhfuckit version of Where Are They Now?

This series will feature those people everyone remembers but conveniently forgets about when they leave the limelight.

By special request:

"Tarzan" Dan Freeman

What the FIZZ is Tarzan Dan up to these days?? After being an awesome radio personality on AM 640 and 680 and Energy 108 WAY BACK in the day killing countdowns and playing the jungle call daily, Dan moved on. "To what?" you may ask. To YTV hosting the HIT LIST. Tarzan knew where it was at, this dude has played strictly certified bangers his entire life. Tarzan Dan has made a career of counting to 10, how many people can say that? But what the hell is he up to now? Well, besides having broadcast in every major city west of T Dot, Tarzan Dan is STILL doing radio for SUN FM in Kelowna, BC. Although his myspace page has been either canceled or deleted he is still somewhat active on YouTube, his account (if you wanna friend him up) is TarzanDan1. He comments on old videos of himself, damn he is good. You don't really appreciate a good radio personality 'til you lose one.

Cheers to Tarzan Dan

Let's reminisce over some retro Dan vids. Let us know if you like this series or if it's a dud. Throw some requests in there and they shall be fulfilled.

Check out the throw by Alanis

A little 680 AM? I think so
My vote goes to Prince.

Hey Bob...Wanna come over for dinner?

So maybe humour isn't what you are looking for in a dinner guest. Maybe, you prefer good tunes and political rants. Well, if that is your bag, then look no further than Mr. Marley, as I'm sure the man would bring enough rants and tunes for everyone. Enjoy the clip...One love.

Losers always whine about their best, but what do winners do?

In preparation for my trip to San Francisco next week, I threw on The Rock today to get a little taste of Alcatraz and the San Fran Bay. The film still holds up pretty well and while Michael Bay and Jerry Bruckheimer have made their fair share of shit sandwiches, this might be their golden cow. Nicolas Cage is still annoying as hell as he is in most films, but Sir Sean and Ed Harris make up the slack. In short, it's just a solid, entertaining action film that I thought was pretty money as a teenager. I've decided to throw up one of the more popular and ultimately most shitty lines from the film. I'm sure you will recognize it when you check it out below. I've also enclosed Lil' Wayne's latest shit sandwich, which shares a connection with the film clip. Enjoy, well, try your best to enjoy the Lil Wayne clip and feel free to make comments.

Losers and Winners according to John Mason:

Lil Wayne makes a Shit Sandwich

Monday, April 6, 2009

Jim Carrey as a dinner guest?

Have you voted yet for our poll on who you would like to have over as a dinner guest? Well, if you haven't, here are a few clips of Jim Carrey for your consideration. A friend passed on the following clip of Jim Carrey on Letterman from a few years ago doing an impression of David Caruso from CSI Miami. Carrey's hair is lookin' pretty damn money and the clip is solid. The band does a great job of hitting their cues as well. I also threw up Carrey's version of Ice, Ice, Baby. Enjoy the clips and consider Jim Carrey as a choice for our poll. Make a comment below on what your favourite Jim Carrey film is below.

Jim Carrey doing an impression of David Caruso:

Jim Carrey as Vanilla Ice:

Saturday, April 4, 2009

Blast From The Past: Snoop Dogg - Vapors

Time once again to take you back to the good ol' days. The days when we still bought CD's, watched (and taped)the Much Music Countdown and Tarzan Dan was still bringin' us the bangers on Energy 108.

This week's blast from the past takes us to the WEST SIDE LBC with a single off of Snoop Dogg's acclaimed second LP Tha Doggfather.

This album included hits such as: Upside Ya Head, SIXX Minutes and this banger right here:



Let us know if Snoop Dogg has influenced you during your childhood...

YOU want Creedence Clearwater Revival to Reunite!

Beating Pavement by a hair, the band you would most like to see reunite is CCR or Creedence Clearwater Revival, depending on your name preference. Both of these bands kick ass and while I've seen John Fogerty perform solo and play a ton of CCR hits, nothing makes for perfect nostalgia like the original lineup of the band. I've thrown up a video of Lookin' Out My Back Door and you can check out a fan video of Run Through the Jungle set to clips of The Big Lebowski here. Both clips are money and I suggest that you check them out. Make sure you take some time and cast your vote for our latest poll, which asks you to select your most desired dinner guest.

CCR - Lookin' Out My Back Door

Thursday, April 2, 2009

Next Poll: Dead or Alive, who would you invite over for a dinner party?

For our next poll, we will ask you to select the person, whether they are a celebrity or not is up to you, who you would like to have over for a dinner party. I am willing to accept the living or non-living, so the possibilities are endless. I am looking for suggestions for the poll, so please make a comment down below if there is someone you would like me to add to the list, or you will have to deal with my selections. The poll will go up sometime tomorrow, so get those suggestions in. Off the top of my head, some people that I can think of who would be pretty money to have over would be John Lennon, Chris Farley, Hugh Hefner, Friedrich Nietzsche and maybe even Natalie Portman. I think you will find that when you give this some thought, that it is actually quite entertaining to think of who you would want over.

So make some comments below.